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Access VBA 注册表操作源码

时 间:2018-01-08 08:10:25
作 者:网络   ID:47512  城市:南京
摘 要:Access VBA 注册表操作源码
正 文:

注册表存放着系统和应用程序的信息。一般情况下我们是不能去动的。如何利用VBA代码编辑注册表呢?包括增加、减少项及子项;增加、减少值;改写项、值等等。注册表操作,网上找了些,只有黄海的,但是运行时有问题,从VB中找了一个,在ACCESS中可以运行,现作为一个包提供给大家。

大家可以作成模块,用时方便

详细代码:

Option Explicit

Option Compare Text

'---------------------------------------------------------------
'- 注册表 API 声明…
'---------------------------------------------------------------
Private Declare Function RegCloseKey Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal hkey As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegCreateKeyEx Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegCreateKeyExA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpSubKey As String, ByVal Reserved As Long, ByVal lpClass As String, ByVal dwOptions As Long, ByVal samDesired As Long, lpSecurityAttributes As SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, phkResult As Long, lpdwDisposition As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegDeleteKey Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegDeleteKeyA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpSubKey As String) As Long
Private Declare Function RegDeleteValue Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegDeleteValueA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpValueName As String) As Long
Private Declare Function RegOpenKey Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegOpenKeyA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpSubKey As String, phkResult As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegOpenKeyEx Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegOpenKeyExA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpSubKey As String, ByVal ulOptions As Long, ByVal samDesired As Long, phkResult As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegQueryValueEx Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegQueryValueExA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpValueName As String, ByVal lpReserved As Long, lpType As Long, lpData As Any, lpcbData As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegRestoreKey Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegRestoreKeyA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpFile As String, ByVal dwFlags As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegSaveKey Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegSaveKeyA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpFile As String, lpSecurityAttributes As SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES) As Long
Private Declare Function RegSetValueEx Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegSetValueExA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpValueName As String, ByVal Reserved As Long, ByVal dwType As Long, lpData As Any, ByVal cbData As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegQueryInfoKey Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegQueryInfoKeyA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal lpClass As String, lpcbClass As Long, ByVal lpReserved As Long, lpcSubKeys As Long, lpcbMaxSubKeyLen As Long, lpcbMaxClassLen As Long, lpcValues As Long, lpcbMaxValueNameLen As Long, lpcbMaxValueLen As Long, lpcbSecurityDescriptor As Long, lpftLastWriteTime As FILETIME) As Long
Private Declare Function RegEnumValue Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegEnumValueA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal dwIndex As Long, ByVal lpValueName As String, lpcbValueName As Long, ByVal lpReserved As Long, lpType As Long, lpData As Byte, lpcbData As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegEnumKey Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegEnumKeyA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal dwIndex As Long, ByVal lpName As String, ByVal cbName As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RegEnumKeyEx Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "RegEnumKeyExA" (ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal dwIndex As Long, ByVal lpName As String, lpcbName As Long, ByVal lpReserved As Long, ByVal lpClass As String, lpcbClass As Long, lpftLastWriteTime As FILETIME) As Long

Private Declare Function AdjustTokenPrivileges Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal TokenHandle As Long, ByVal DisableAllPriv As Long, NewState As TOKEN_PRIVILEGES, ByVal BufferLength As Long, PreviousState As TOKEN_PRIVILEGES, ReturnLength As Long) As Long                'Used to adjust your program's security privileges, can't restore without it!
Private Declare Function LookupPrivilegeValue Lib "advapi32.dll" Alias "LookupPrivilegeValueA" (ByVal lpSystemName As Any, ByVal lpName As String, lpLuid As LUID) As Long          'Returns a valid LUID which is important when making security changes in NT.
Private Declare Function OpenProcessToken Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal ProcessHandle As Long, ByVal DesiredAccess As Long, TokenHandle As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function GetCurrentProcess Lib "kernel32" () As Long

'---------------------------------------------------------------
'- 注册表 Api 常数…
'---------------------------------------------------------------
' 注册表创建类型值…
Const REG_OPTION_NON_VOLATILE = 0        ' 当系统重新启动时,关键字被保留

' 注册表关键字安全选项…
Const READ_CONTROL = &H20000
Const KEY_QUERY_VALUE = &H1
Const KEY_SET_VALUE = &H2
Const KEY_Create_SUB_KEY = &H4
Const KEY_ENUMERATE_SUB_KEYS = &H8
Const KEY_NOTIFY = &H10
Const KEY_Create_LINK = &H20
Const KEY_READ = KEY_QUERY_VALUE + KEY_ENUMERATE_SUB_KEYS + KEY_NOTIFY + READ_CONTROL
Const KEY_WRITE = KEY_SET_VALUE + KEY_Create_SUB_KEY + READ_CONTROL
Const KEY_EXECUTE = KEY_READ
Const KEY_ALL_ACCESS = KEY_QUERY_VALUE + KEY_SET_VALUE + KEY_Create_SUB_KEY + KEY_ENUMERATE_SUB_KEYS + KEY_NOTIFY + KEY_Create_LINK + READ_CONTROL
                     
' 返回值…
Const ERROR_NONE = 0
Const ERROR_BADKEY = 2
Const ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED = 8
Const ERROR_SUCCESS = 0

' 有关导入/导出的常量
Const REG_FORCE_RESTORE As Long = 8&
Const TOKEN_QUERY As Long = &H8&
Const TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES As Long = &H20&
Const SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED As Long = &H2
Const SE_RESTORE_NAME = "SeRestorePrivilege"
Const SE_BACKUP_NAME = "SeBackupPrivilege"

'---------------------------------------------------------------
'- 注册表类型…
'---------------------------------------------------------------
Private Type SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES
    nLength As Long
    lpSecurityDescriptor As Long
    bInheritHandle As Boolean
End Type

Private Type FILETIME
    dwLowDateTime As Long
    dwHighDateTime As Long
End Type

Private Type LUID
    lowpart As Long
    highpart As Long
End Type

Private Type LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES
    pLuid As LUID
    Attributes As Long
End Type

Private Type TOKEN_PRIVILEGES
    PrivilegeCount As Long
    Privileges As LUID_AND_ATTRIBUTES
End Type

'---------------------------------------------------------------
'- 自定义枚举类型…
'---------------------------------------------------------------
' 注册表数据类型…
Public Enum EM_RegVarType
    REG_NONE = 0                       ' No value type
    REG_SZ = 1                         ' 字符串值
    REG_EXPAND_SZ = 2                  ' 可扩充字符串值
    REG_BINARY = 3                     ' 二进制值
    REG_DWORD = 4                      ' DWORD值
    REG_DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN = 5           ' 32-bit number
    REG_LINK = 6                       ' Symbolic Link (unicode)
    REG_MULTI_SZ = 7                   ' 多字符串值
    REG_RESOURCE_LIST = 8              ' Resource list in the resource map
End Enum

' 注册表关键字根类型…
Public Enum EM_RegRootKey
  HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT = &H80000000
  HKEY_CURRENT_USER = &H80000001
  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE = &H80000002
  HKEY_USERS = &H80000003
  HKEY_PERFORMANCE_DATA = &H80000004 '64系统位专用
  HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG = &H80000005
  HKEY_DYN_DATA = &H80000006 '32位系统专用
End Enum

Private hkey As Long                   ' 注册表打开项的句柄
Private I As Long, j As Long           ' 循环变量
Private Success As Long                ' API函数的返回值, 判断函数调用是否成功

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'- 新建注册表关键字并设置注册表关键字的值…
'- 如果 ValueName 和 Value 都缺省, 则只新建 KeyName 空项, 无子键…
'- 如果只缺省 ValueName 则将设置指定 KeyName 的默认值
'- 参数说明: KeyRoot--根类型, KeyName--子项名称, ValueName--值项名称, Value--值项数据, ValueType--值项类型
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function SetKeyValue(KeyRoot As EM_RegRootKey, KeyName As String, Optional ValueName As String, Optional Value As Variant = "", Optional ValueType As EM_RegVarType = REG_SZ) As Boolean
    Dim lpAttr As SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES                   ' 注册表安全类型
    lpAttr.nLength = 50                                 ' 设置安全属性为缺省值…
    lpAttr.lpSecurityDescriptor = 0                     ' …
    lpAttr.bInheritHandle = True                        ' …
    
    ' 新建注册表关键字…
    Success = RegCreateKeyEx(KeyRoot, KeyName, 0, ValueType, REG_OPTION_NON_VOLATILE, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, lpAttr, hkey, 0)
    If Success <> ERROR_SUCCESS Then SetKeyValue = False: RegCloseKey hkey: Exit Function
    
    ' 设置注册表关键字的值…
    If IsMissing(ValueName) = False Then
        Select Case ValueType
            Case REG_SZ, REG_EXPAND_SZ, REG_MULTI_SZ, REG_NONE
                Success = RegSetValueEx(hkey, ValueName, 0, ValueType, ByVal CStr(Value), LenB(StrConv(Value, vbFromUnicode)) + 1)
            Case REG_DWORD
                If CDbl(Value) <= and="">= 0 Then
                    Dim sValue As String
                    sValue = DoubleToHex(Value)
                    Dim dValue(3) As Byte
                    dValue(0) = Format("&h" & Mid(sValue, 7, 2))
                    dValue(1) = Format("&h" & Mid(sValue, 5, 2))
                    dValue(2) = Format("&h" & Mid(sValue, 3, 2))
                    dValue(3) = Format("&h" & Mid(sValue, 1, 2))
                    Success = RegSetValueEx(hkey, ValueName, 0, ValueType, dValue(0), 4)
                Else
                    Success = ERROR_BADKEY
                End If
            Case REG_BINARY
                On Error Resume Next
                Success = 1                             ' 假设调用API不成功(成功返回0)
                ReDim tmpValue(Ubound(Value)) As Byte
                For I = 0 To Ubound(tmpValue)
                    tmpValue(i) = Value(i)
                Next I
                Success = RegSetValueEx(hkey, ValueName, 0, ValueType, tmpValue(0), Ubound(Value) + 1)
        End Select
    End If
    If Success <> ERROR_SUCCESS Then SetKeyValue = False: RegCloseKey hkey: Exit Function
    
    ' 关闭注册表关键字…
    RegCloseKey hkey
    SetKeyValue = True                                       ' 返回函数值
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'- 获得已存在的注册表关键字的值…
'- 如果 ValueName="" 则返回 KeyName 项的默认值…
'- 如果指定的注册表关键字不存在, 则返回空串…
'- 参数说明: KeyRoot--根类型, KeyName--子项名称, ValueName--值项名称, ValueType--值项类型
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function GetKeyValue(KeyRoot As EM_RegRootKey, KeyName As String, Optional ValueName As String = "", Optional ValueType As EM_RegVarType) As String
    Dim TempValue As String                             ' 注册表关键字的临时值
    Dim Value As String                                 ' 注册表关键字的值
    Dim ValueSize As Long                               ' 注册表关键字的值的实际长度
    TempValue = Space(1024)                             ' 存储注册表关键字的临时值的缓冲区
    ValueSize = 1024                                    ' 设置注册表关键字的值的默认长度
    
    ' 打开一个已存在的注册表关键字…
    RegOpenKeyEx KeyRoot, KeyName, 0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, hkey
    
    ' 获得已打开的注册表关键字的值…
    RegQueryValueEx hkey, ValueName, 0, ValueType, ByVal TempValue, ValueSize
    
    ' 返回注册表关键字的的值…
    Select Case ValueType                                                        ' 通过判断关键字的类型, 进行处理
        Case REG_SZ, REG_MULTI_SZ, REG_EXPAND_SZ, REG_NONE
            TempValue = Left$(TempValue, ValueSize - 1)                          ' 去掉TempValue尾部空格
            Value = TempValue
        Case REG_DWORD
            ReDim dValue(3) As Byte
            RegQueryValueEx hkey, ValueName, 0, REG_DWORD, dValue(0), ValueSize
            For I = 3 To 0 Step -1
                Value = Value + String(2 - Len(Hex(dValue(i))), "0") + Hex(dValue(i))   ' 生成长度为8的十六进制字符串
            Next I
            If CDbl("&H" & Value) < 0 Then                                              ' 将十六进制的 Value 转换为十进制
                Value = 2 ^ 32 + CDbl("&H" & Value)
            Else
                Value = CDbl("&H" & Value)
            End If
        Case REG_BINARY
            If ValueSize > 0 Then
                ReDim bValue(ValueSize - 1) As Byte                                     ' 存储 REG_BINARY 值的临时数组
                RegQueryValueEx hkey, ValueName, 0, REG_BINARY, bValue(0), ValueSize
                For I = 0 To ValueSize - 1
                    Value = Value + String(2 - Len(Hex(bValue(i))), "0") + Hex(bValue(i)) + " "  ' 将数组转换成字符串
                Next I
            End If
    End Select
    
    ' 关闭注册表关键字…
    RegCloseKey hkey
    GetKeyValue = Trim(Value)                                                    ' 返回函数值
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'- 删除已存在的注册表关键字的值…
'- 如果指定的注册表关键字不存在, 则不做任何操作…
'- 参数说明: KeyRoot--根类型, KeyName--子项名称, ValueName--值项名称
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function DeleteKey(KeyRoot As EM_RegRootKey, KeyName As String, Optional ValueName As String) As Boolean
    Dim tmpKeyName As String                            ' 注册表关键字的临时子项名称
    Dim tmpValueName As String                          ' 注册表关键字的临时子键名称
    
    ' 打开一个已存在的注册表关键字…
    Success = RegOpenKeyEx(KeyRoot, KeyName, 0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, hkey)
    If Success <> ERROR_SUCCESS Then DeleteKey = False: RegCloseKey hkey: Exit Function
    
    ' 删除已打开的注册表关键字…
    tmpKeyName = ""
    tmpValueName = KeyName
    If ValueName = "" Then                                              ' 判断ValueName是否缺省, 如缺省作相应处理
        If InStrRev(KeyName, "\") > 1 Then
            tmpValueName = Right(KeyName, InStrRev(KeyName, "\") + 1)
            tmpKeyName = Left(KeyName, InStrRev(KeyName, "\") - 1)
        End If
        Success = RegOpenKeyEx(KeyRoot, tmpKeyName, 0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, hkey)
        Success = RegDeleteKey(hkey, tmpValueName)
    Else
        Success = RegDeleteValue(hkey, ValueName)
    End If
    If Success <> ERROR_SUCCESS Then DeleteKey = False: RegCloseKey hkey: Exit Function
    
    ' 关闭注册表关键字…
    RegCloseKey hkey
    DeleteKey = True                                    ' 返回函数值
End Function

Function DeleteSubkeyTree(ByVal hkey As Long, ByVal Subkey As String) As Boolean
    Dim ret As Long, Index As Long, Name As String
    Dim hSubkey As Long
    
    ret = RegOpenKey(hkey, Subkey, hSubkey)
    If ret <> 0 Then
        DeleteSubkeyTree = False
        Exit Function
    End If
    ret = RegDeleteKey(hSubkey, "")
    If ret <> 0 Then
        Name = String(256, Chr(0))
        While RegEnumKey(hSubkey, 0, Name, Len(Name)) = 0 And _
              DeleteSubkeyTree(hSubkey, Name)
        Wend
        ret = RegDeleteKey(hSubkey, "")
    End If
    DeleteSubkeyTree = (ret = 0)
    RegCloseKey hSubkey
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'- 导出注册表关键字的值
'- 参数说明: KeyRoot--根类型, KeyName--子项名称, FileName--导出的文件路径及文件名(原始数据库格式)
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function SaveKey(KeyRoot As EM_RegRootKey, KeyName As String, FileName As String) As Boolean
    On Error Resume Next
    
    Dim lpAttr As SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES                   ' 注册表安全类型
    lpAttr.nLength = 50                                 ' 设置安全属性为缺省值…
    lpAttr.lpSecurityDescriptor = 0                     ' …
    lpAttr.bInheritHandle = True                        ' …
    
    If EnablePrivilege(SE_BACKUP_NAME) = False Then
        SaveKey = False
        Exit Function
    End If
    
    Success = RegOpenKeyEx(KeyRoot, KeyName, 0&, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, hkey)
    If Success <> 0 Then
        SaveKey = False
        Success = RegCloseKey(hkey)
        Exit Function
    End If
    
    Success = RegSaveKey(hkey, FileName, lpAttr)
    If Success = 0 Then SaveKey = True Else SaveKey = False
    
    Success = RegCloseKey(hkey)
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'- 导入注册表关键字的值
'- 参数说明: KeyRoot--根类型, KeyName--子项名称, FileName--导入的文件路径及文件名(原始数据库格式)
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Public Function RestoreKey(KeyRoot As EM_RegRootKey, KeyName As String, FileName As String) As Boolean
    On Error Resume Next
    
    If EnablePrivilege(SE_RESTORE_NAME) = False Then
        RestoreKey = False
        Exit Function
    End If
    
    Success = RegOpenKeyEx(KeyRoot, KeyName, 0&, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, hkey)
    If Success <> 0 Then
        RestoreKey = False
        Success = RegCloseKey(hkey)
        Exit Function
    End If
    
    Success = RegRestoreKey(hkey, FileName, REG_FORCE_RESTORE)
    If Success = 0 Then RestoreKey = True Else RestoreKey = False
    
    Success = RegCloseKey(hkey)
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'- 使注册表允许导入/导出
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Private Function EnablePrivilege(seName As String) As Boolean
    On Error Resume Next
    
    Dim p_lngRtn As Long
    Dim p_lngToken As Long
    Dim p_lngBufferLen As Long
    Dim p_typLUID As LUID
    Dim p_typTokenPriv As TOKEN_PRIVILEGES
    Dim p_typPrevTokenPriv As TOKEN_PRIVILEGES
    
    p_lngRtn = OpenProcessToken(GetCurrentProcess(), TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES or TOKEN_QUERY, p_lngToken)
    If p_lngRtn = 0 Then
        EnablePrivilege = False
        Exit Function
    End If
    If Err.LastDllError <> 0 Then
        EnablePrivilege = False
        Exit Function
    End If
    
    p_lngRtn = LookupPrivilegeValue(0&, seName, p_typLUID)
    If p_lngRtn = 0 Then
      EnablePrivilege = False
      Exit Function
    End If
    
    p_typTokenPriv.PrivilegeCount = 1
    p_typTokenPriv.Privileges.Attributes = SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED
    p_typTokenPriv.Privileges.pLuid = p_typLUID
    
    EnablePrivilege = (AdjustTokenPrivileges(p_lngToken, False, p_typTokenPriv, Len(p_typPrevTokenPriv), p_typPrevTokenPriv, p_lngBufferLen) <> 0)
End Function

'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'- 将 Double 型( 限制在 0--2^32-1 )的数字转换为十六进制并在前面补零
'- 参数说明: Number--要转换的 Double 型数字
'-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Private Function DoubleToHex(ByVal Number As Double) As String
    Dim strHex As String
    strHex = Space(8)
    For I = 1 To 8
        Select Case Number - Int(Number / 16) * 16
            Case 10
                Mid(strHex, 9 - I, 1) = "A"
            Case 11
                Mid(strHex, 9 - I, 1) = "B"
            Case 12
                Mid(strHex, 9 - I, 1) = "C"
            Case 13
                Mid(strHex, 9 - I, 1) = "D"
            Case 14
                Mid(strHex, 9 - I, 1) = "E"
            Case 15
                Mid(strHex, 9 - I, 1) = "F"
            Case Else
                Mid(strHex, 9 - I, 1) = CStr(Number - Int(Number / 16) * 16)
        End Select
        Number = Int(Number / 16)
    Next I
    DoubleToHex = strHex
End Function




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最新评论 查看更多评论(2)

2018/1/24 13:10:54大海
If CDbl(Value) <= and="">= 0 Then这一句有问题

2018/1/8 22:15:29嫣然
厉害了

发表评论您的评论将提升作者分享的动力!快来评论一下吧!

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